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The most significant thing a warrior has is its tools and weapons. The right combination of tools makes it effortless to win the war. Similarly, the right technology stack aids software developers to build applications with minimal effort.
When it comes to selecting the right technology stack, one should consider the security, stability, and maintainability of the software product being developed. The right technology stack is not only essential for the good UI and flexible UX, but also for the success of the whole project.
Before we get into how to select the right tech stack, let’s quickly recap what it is.
A technology stack is a combination of different programming languages, platforms, frameworks, tools, and others that developers use for software and product development needs.
Generally, web and mobile software products are made up of layers of front-end, back-end, and database, which forms a tech stack of various codes, components, and hardware modules. Depending on the requirements and level of expertise, the tech stack may vary from project to project.
As mentioned above, a web or mobile software application contains two basic layers called the front-end also known as client-side, and back-end also known as server-side. Let’s have a look at the tech stack needed for each layer.
Front-end is where users can engage with services or products a software application has to offer. It has a function to serve users with convenient access, intuitive navigation, and improved user experience.
HTML’s main function is to manage content creation and placement. It aids in structuring, ordering, and positioning the page contents such as text, images, videos, etc. CSS on the other hand helps arrange the structured content in the proper format. Formatting includes styling up the content with layout, background elements, fonts, colors, etc.
For mobile app development, front-end technologies are categorized as Native, Hybrid, and Cross-Platform. Hybrid or Cross-platform applications are developed using NativeScript, React Native, Ionic, flutter, Cordova, and other tech stacks.
Back-end involves hosting, deployment, and feature creation to manage what happens on the front-end. It is where all the logic is developed for users to interact and engage on the front-end.
Beck-end ensures all the front-end functions are responding well to the user requests. Server-side or back-end development includes programming languages such as Nodejs, C#, Python, Java, PHP, C++, etc. along with frameworks, operating systems, databases, custom APIs, and other technologies.
Depending on the scope of the project, the technology stack may differ from project to project. Small-scale projects have early time-to-market and are faster to build, thus do not necessarily need an advanced technology stack. An experienced and adept team like ashutec helps you craft an MVP product quickly to launch in the market and get feedback from end-users. This requires simple-to-use tools and frameworks to reach your goals faster.
Mid-sized projects involve some advanced technologies to resolve complex problems with ease. Such kinds of projects may require a combination of several programming languages and frameworks to make the software more capable.
As the size of the project increases, the complexity level increases with it. Large-scale projects demand a modern tech stack for top-notch performance, better serviceability, and higher scalability.
Projects with faster time-to-market generally, require a technology stack that’s easier to work with and quicker to deliver. Adopting the minimum viable product development route is a great alternative to developing a small version of the whole project for faster time-to-market requirements.
Ready-made frameworks save significant time and effort and allow easy access to a variety of different libraries. Using such technologies help minimize the time for the MVP software product to enter the market. Next, what we do is choose the technology stack based on the feedback for further development.
Security is one of the crucial aspects while considering what tech stack to utilize. Using a secure tech stack ensures the software products are developed with best practices and threat mitigation in mind. There are safer alternatives and programming languages that make it hard for hackers to penetrate.
Further to eliminate the common security threats, conduct various tests on both the client-side and server-side technologies to find any vulnerabilities. Not all technologies have the same security standards, so careful thought must be given to ensure safer development. We, at ashutec, strictly follow the standard coding guidelines for enhanced security of the software products we develop.
Scalability plays a vital role in selecting the right technology stack for software and product development projects. Scalability is important when the software application is required for rapid expansion. Thus, the tech stack chosen must have the ability to scale up as and when required.
Not every technology will offer such an ability to scale sufficiently. Some will offer to scale vertically by adding new features and functionalities and some will offer horizontal scaling by adding new hardware resources such as processing units or servers. The team at ashutec carefully selects the technologies to develop products that have ease of integration and effective horizontal and vertical scalability.
It’s always a good practice to choose technologies with better maintainability and serviceability. So, while selecting the technology stack, keep in mind to choose only those that offer greater maintainability and make it effortless to upgrade your software products.
The ashutec team is very critical when it comes to software product’s maintainability and selects technology e.g. codebase that’s not too lengthy and concise either and incorporates scalable, portable, and reusable architectural components.
The bottom line is that choosing the right kind of technology stack depends on the project on hand and its requirements. And the above-mentioned criteria do come in handy while making the right choice for selecting the tech stack for software and product development.