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The software development industry is a dynamic industry and every year new trends emerge. We see lots and lots of trends come and go, while some of them stick around many of those do not see the light of the day. Each trend promises to bring a paradigm shift for the software development industry, but all of them can’t keep their promises.
The benefit of being close to the software industry is to know when these paradigms are shifting and what causes them to shift. This new year is also going to see some shifts in the software industry. Here, I am making some predictions about what trends are going to bring those shifts. So, let’s begin with the software development trends to keep an eye on in 2022.
To clear the air, I am not going to state the obvious trends such as blockchain, IoT, Voice UI, and others that you are already familiar with. Still, they are widely being adopted and must be on your watchlist. Meanwhile, we are going to delve deeper into some of the unique and fresh trends that are believed to gain steam in 2022. So, without further ado, let’s start:
Short for Application Programming Interface, APIs enable software programs to communicate with each other. It is a technology to send and receive data within the applications and there are a lot of ways to carry out these tasks. The most obvious is using REST but GraphQL is also gaining popularity in the same arena. Find more information about which technology is best for API development out of REST and GraphQL here.
Since the industry is slowly adopting real-time data processing, API-first development has a significant part to play. APIs are being used increasingly for applications to run on a per-function basis. This enables more functionalities to be integrated into software products.
The same principle works for microservices where the app has a set of multiple features and APIs make them interact with each other. APIs extend the functionality of traditionally developed applications and going forward API-first approach will gain pace as it provides more flexibility, control, and scalability.
Often considered as a revolutionary approach, Micro Frontend Architecture emerged as a promising solution to the inefficient monolithic frontends. It is a decoupled codebase that breaks monolithic code into parts that work collectively.
Also, it enables the web app frontend to scale as and when needed. Inspired by the microservices, this type of architecture is a lucrative approach that helps extend the functionality for frontends of enterprise web applications.
Moreover, the architectural type brings more advantages to the table such as independent development, deployment, easy testing, etc. Many organizations facing bottlenecks in creating highly interactive frontend have already adopted this trend and many more will join the bandwagon going forward.
The Internet has come a long way and so does web page rendering. Yes, server-side rendering (SSR) isn’t exactly a new way for pages to render content. However, it has reappeared again thanks to the advancements in the computing powers of today’s servers.
SSR is a way to load and parse contents and elements of frontends of web apps by a server it is hosted on instead of delegating the task to the browsers of end-users. The idea is to render all elements of frontends on the server itself so that browsers don’t take much load on themselves.
It is fast, efficient, and powerful enough to render large and complex web frontends. Thus, it is gaining the lost momentum of all these years now.
Since we are talking about servers and architecture, let me introduce another relevant trend to keep an eye on this year. Traditionally, what used to happen is the development team was responsible for managing the underlying server infrastructure. They used to do all the configurations, manage storage, load balancing, patching, and all other stuff as well.
What serverless architecture does is remove all these functions and delegate them to third-party vendors such as cloud management systems. Similar to other trends in the list, it’s not something new but by the looks of it, it has a very promising and bright future. Serverless basically means moving your hosting to the cloud which expands your resources and capacities to run multiple apps at scale.
Serverless architecture has two models namely Backend as a Service, and Function as a Service. BaaS offers more comprehensive services while FaaS offers an event-driven architecture.
Cloud is now the new normal and as we proceed further into the future, more cloud will mean better it is for your software. Multi-cloud refers to an environment where different elements, applications, software assets, and others are distributed across several cloud providers.
Going all-in for the cloud has a big advantage and it is to avoid potential lock-in for vendors. One famous saying goes like ‘Never to put all your eggs in one basket.’ As your needs evolve so do your requirements to have different cloud services for different functions.
That’s where the multi-cloud environment comes into play. However, one needs to take the right approach out of redundant and distributed for going multi-cloud deployment. The redundant approach is where the same assets are run on multiple clouds and don’t have a single point of failure. In the distributed approach, a dedicated cloud is allotted to each part of the assets.
Adopting the multi-cloud environment is going to require much consideration, strategy, and planning to execute perfectly.
There are also many other trends one must consider, but these were some of the software development trends that you must keep an eye on in 2022. Businesses should try to integrate new trends and techs that help solve their burning issues and scrape the ones that don’t.